Tag Archives: health

“The Zone”

In response to The Daily Post’s writing prompt: “The Zone.”

May, 2015. Brownsville, Texas, U.S.A. Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2015.
May, 2015. Brownsville, Texas, U.S.A. Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2015.

An instance when I feel i’m in, “The Zone,” is during a run on a beautiful, Texan, summer day. Being kissed by the warmth of the sun, the cool breeze carrying the water from the resaca and brushing against my skin, the smell of freshly blooming jasmine flowers, the gentle gliding of colorful birds, the clear blue skies, the crispness in the air, my favorite songs joyfully filling my ears from the music player, the excited puppies in the yards wagging their tails upon my sight, the movement of my body feeling lighter with each step, the fruity taste upon my lips from my lip balm—makes me feel so in love with the moment. Not realizing I had been running for over two hours, my mind craved to keep going. I felt completely free. I felt completely at peace. It was my zone.

– Surely, Sherley

Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2015.

An Indian American’s perspective on the pursuit of India’s global recognition

The 2014 general election taking place in India to constitute the 16th Lok Sabha (the lower house of the Indian Parliament), with a whopping current electoral population of 814.5 million, largest in the world, according to the Election Commission of India, really got me to reflect about my Indian heritage and my American growth.

Being an Indian born American citizen living in the United States for over seventeen years, I find myself in a unique cross-roads- balancing Indian values and seizing the opportunity behind the American freedom, while embracing India’s global leadership simultaneously.

In the usual norm where being a minority may not serve as the most prestigious title, being an Indian minority in the United States of America not only serves as a catalyst for success but also a recipe for strong grounding.

India is currently tantalizing the world in many dimensions- a worthy contender in sports, politics, science, education, commerce and innovation. Having an Indian identity is quite an honor- where people’s expectations of you become high and demanding. While India is climbing the global stairway ardently, it gets me to think how I, as an Indian American, will contribute to the Indian global recognition while adding an American flavor.

India has its historical richness, with its successes in politics, business, arts, religions, economic prosperity; despite Indian challenges on population excesses, diversity of thinking and multi cultural aspirations. India shines because of the fundamentals of cultural greatness which lie in Indian morality and discipline—seen through acts of non violence, tolerance, piety, religious outlook, belief in karma, aspirations for success and respect for the elders. Indian success lasts because of the strong familial connection and commitment of the elders to youth and their achievement. While India has its already strong moral backbone, it concurrently seeks globalization with an ever-prepared attitude for growth in emerging fields and a quest to mimic western cultural greatness, and this balance propelled India for victory in the new era.

As an Indian American, I assume moral responsibility of bringing balance to Indian thinking and aspirations. For that, my task at hand is to connect American societies- change perspective on India, and connect Indians through the self confidence to believing in themselves and cashing on old principles and glories. The key philosophy is to think global but act locally, and this thinking should be brought to India.

For that, immediate solutions should be to apply foreign successes to Indian problems such as over population, environment awareness, self discipline, hygiene, and lack of sensitivity to other cultures. We should help break the stereotypical actions which falsely lead us Indians to close our eyes and follow- where the American way is to embrace the odds and follow our dreams. Fusing American dreams with Indian aspirations will free us from limiting and containing ourselves to certain professions and industries.

As Indians, we have the duty and moral obligation to play an active role in fighting child labor, anti-women growth, child abduction, women abuse and many such ill occurrences. We should resist the goal towards material wealth possession instead gather wealth in harmonious living compatible with nature- which include less consumption, organic farming, water harvest/recycling etc. It’s important for us to resist the love for affluence and consumption, and rather grow love in reaching out and bring balance to this world. We can actively help develop responsible citizens, through partnership and collaboration in higher education, and bring a stepping stone to our brothers and sisters on the other side of the world.

To bring my words to action, and walk the talk, I for my part, will be committing myself to the rural and semi-urban development by engaging in civic engagement activities. Rural and semi-urban healthcare issues- especially women and childcare health are under peril- and are indirectly impeding the growth of the Indian national economy because India still depends on the rural development. For that, I wish to be an activist. Just as America is actively democratizing the world by putting boots on the ground, synonymously, we must make the commitment to become the foot-soldiers. In my case, as a pre-health professional, I must become a foot soldier, step into the heart of India, and make first hand change in healthcare opportunities. We want stethoscopes and gloves on every rural hut, we must attend to every man, woman or child in need of our service. We should share the joy and pain that every human feels and actively shape the well-being of our world.

We are the privileged ones, we have tasted of our success, and now it’s time to break the barrier and give back to the community and the only effective way is to spend at least 10% of our professional time and help the rural population. We must not just visit the urban elite, but step deeper in and aid the rural commoner—where the heart of India lies.

Although I as an Indian American have been raised in America, I still share an Indian lineage and the welfare and growth of India should equally be my concern as is America’s welfare and growth. In that thinking, we as Indian Americans get a unique gift to spread America’s freedom to dream and innovate to our India and its aspirations.

I have dreamed of the day where the entire world is fed, clothed, cared for and is healthy- and now I will make my first step in making that dream a reality. Who is with me?

After all, we are one world; not all that separated.

– Surely, Sherley

Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is causing a decline in health care spending growth: True or False?

Picture retrieved from: http://news92fm.com/366805/more-delays-possible-for-obamacare/
[BORROWED IMAGE] Picture retrieved from: http://news92fm.com/366805/more-delays-possible-for-obamacare/
According to the White House, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed during a time of great growth in spending on health care in the United States; while majority of that spending was towards new treatments and improvement in overall well being and health, the system also was affected by disorganization, and high costs and the declining quality of care for patients (1). The White House states, “a key goal of the ACA was to begin wringing these inefficiencies out of the health care system, simultaneously reducing the growth of health care spending—and its burden on families, employers, and state and federal budgets—while increasing the quality of the care delivered (1).”

While the White House document suggests that 1) spending on health care is at an all time low, 2) inflation in the price of health care is low, 3) and the low spending on health care recently has benefited the Federal budget future outlook, it is still unclear if the ACA is directly responsible for the decrease in spending on growth (1). Although enough evidence is not yet present to correlate this spending decline to the ACA, one of the evidences out of a few that could credit this spending decline to the ACA is that: “ACA provisions that reduce Medicare over payment to private insurers and medical providers are contributing to the recent slow growth in health care prices and spending. In addition, ACA reforms that aim to improve the quality of care are reducing hospital readmission rates and increasing provider participation in payment models designed to promote high-quality, integrated care (1).”

In my opinion, I believe that the ACA played a significant role in the decline of health care spending. The ACA collectively addressed many of the weakness that affected our health care system, and is currently working to fix those gaps. As in any large problem, it takes time to fully address the issue, fix the problems and sustain the success. More research and time would be needed to evaluate ACA’s true role in the deceleration of health care spending in the U.S., and it is definitely something I would be interested in knowing. Accordingly, I do believe the claim held by some administration officials that the ACA is responsible for the recent deceleration in the health care spending growth is justified, as explained above.


Reference:

  1. TRENDS IN HEALTH CARE COST GROWTH AND THE ROLE OF THE AFFORDABLE CARE ACT. (2013, November). Retrieved from White House Government website: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/healthcostreport_final_noembargo_v2.pdf?elq=75c63bc1676c46258da63f1ad018de63&elqCampaignId=5282
Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.

Cool Summer Treat: Cucumber and Tomato Sandwich

The Summer is upon us and thus begins all the beach fun, pool parties, BBQs and if you are in South Texas like me—hiding out in the coolest room in your home with the AC on max. Regardless of a summer picnic at the park, or just a lazy afternoon at home, nothing quite satisfies such as a cool, cucumber and tomato sandwich. This recipe is great for kids and adults alike. Give it a try for a fast sandwich fix, that’ll surely cool the scorching heat of the summer. For an added juicy treat, try some fresh strawberries on the side!

Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.
Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014. Cucumber and Tomato sandwich with a side of strawberries.

Prep: 10 mins

Cook: 0 mins

Ready in: 10 mins

Ingredients

Recipe makes for 1 serving

  1. 2 Slices of Whole Wheat Bread (Substitute with White, or Honey Wheat Bread as per preference)
  2. 1 tablespoon of Land O Lakes Sweet cream Spreadable Butter with Canola Oil** (Substitute with any other type of spreadable butter, as per preference. Light spreadable butter also works well.)
  3. ½ large cucumber, peeled, sliced in circular pieces
  4. 1 small tomato, sliced in circular pieces
  5. 1 teaspoon of Chaat masala** (Optional, for an Indian flavor. Can be found in an Indian grocery store near you.)
  6. 2 Strawberries, cut (Optional, as a juicy side.)

**Pictured below

Directions

  1. Chill the sliced cucumber pieces and sliced tomato pieces in the refrigerator for at least an hour.
  2. Collect the chilled cucumber and tomato pieces from Step 1 from the refrigerator. Also collect the bread, butter, and optionally the Chaat masala.
  3. Place 2 slices of whole wheat bread, apart, on a plate.
  4. Spread ½ tablespoon of Land O Lakes Sweet cream Spreadable Butter with Canola Oil evenly on one slice of bread.
  5. Repeat Step 4 on the other slice of bread.
  6. Evenly spread the previously peeled and sliced, cucumber pieces on one slice of bread.
  7. Evenly spread the previously sliced tomato pieces on top of the cucumbers from Step 6.
  8. Optionally, spread the Chaat masala on top of the tomatoes for an Indian flavoring.
  9. Place the remaining, buttered bread slice on top of the other, cucumber and tomato piled bread.
  10. Place the cut strawberries on the side (optional), and enjoy!
Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.

Land-O-Lakes-spreadable-butter
[BORROWED IMAGE] Land O Lakes Sweet cream Spreadable Butter with Canola Oil.
Shan Brand- Chaat Masala. Found in any Indian grocery store near you.
[BORROWED IMAGE] Shan Brand- Chaat Masala. Found in any Indian grocery store near you.

Variation of Public Health Adminstration in the U.S.- Something to rejoice or address?

In a health policy and management class that I took earlier, we were asked to read, “Major Component and Themes of local public Health Laws in Select U.S. Jurisdictions,” by McCarty, et al. Found here.

After reading, “Major Component and Themes of local public Health Laws in Select U.S. Jurisdictions,” by McCarty, et al, I’m overcome by a mixed, bitter-sweet, reaction regarding the variation in approaches to public health administration and enforcement at the local level in the U.S (1). While I find it a celebration that local jurisdictions address community health with their unique ordinances that are catered to fit their particular community, I find it an alarm that there seems to be a lack of uniform application throughout the U.S. with certain best, evaluated regulations/ordinances.

An example that caused my alarm is local public health laws concerning the regulation of food. I believe, the regulation of food should be carefully thought, and carried out, addressing the nuances that accompany the complexity that follows it. In the study, the municipalities that were observed to have ordinances that regulate the category of food were grouped into five subcategories, namely: “(1) food handlers and distribution; (2) mobile food units; (3) restaurant licensing, inspections, and sanitation; (4) milk; and (5) meat(1).” There was great dissimilarity among the various ordinances on how many of those five subcategories each addressed. It would be beneficial if the ordinances across jurisdictions would adhere to a “Guidelines-Manual”, for example, and sync their individual jurisdictions accordingly, which would allow the entirety of the population to benefit from the same quality experienced through the best jurisdiction’s ordinance.

Aside from one such example of my cause for alarm, I do believe the diversity and specific catering of ordinances across jurisdictions to their community is something to be celebrated. Being Americans, we pride ourselves in our diversity, thriving way of living with various cultures, and by the uniqueness and individuality that accompanies each state, city, county, and community. What better way to address our unique needs and philosophical reflection than with ordinances that show great flexibility and such individualized attention?

I am not sure which is better, complete synchrony or absolute variation, and perhaps it changes across situations, but with public health, it may be beneficial to strike a balance between the two, to reflect the individuals that we are but at the same time have a universal quality.


Reference:

1. McCarty, et al. “Law and the Public’s Health.” Public Health Reports. 2009. 124: 458-462.

Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.

Anti-Public Smoking Ordinances: Austin and Brownsville, Texas

City ordinances are an excellent way that U.S. cities vision for and address important issues- whether it’s a health issue, safety issue, welfare issue or an issue of morality. The type of ordinances that caught my eye in regard to public health was- public smoking ordinances. Public smoking, other than the discomfort it causes for some, and the overall unpleasant odor and air, is a significant public issue due to its link with secondhand smoke, or SHS.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines secondhand smoke as, “a mixture of the smoke given by the burning end of a cigarette, pipe, or cigar, and the smoke exhaled by smokers (1).” The United States EPA goes on to state that, “secondhand smoke is also called environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and exposure to secondhand smoke is sometimes called involuntary or passive smoking. Second hand smoke contains more [than] 4,000 substances, several of which are known to cause cancer in humans or animals (1).” What makes this a starking public health issue is that the, “exposure to second hand smoke can cause lung cancer in adults who do not smoke,” states the EPA and the, “exposure to secondhand smoke causes approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths per year in nonsmokers … and exposure to secondhand smoke has also been shown in a number of studies to increase the risk of heart disease (1).”

The two cities in Texas that I sought interest in that demonstrated an ordinance against public smoking are, Austin, Texas and Brownsville, Texas:

The city of Austin addresses public smoking in its Code of Ordinances, Title 10., Public Health Services and Sanitation under Chapter 10-6., Smoking in Public Places (Ord. 20050303-05). This particular ordinance regulates public smoking by prohibiting smoking “in public place or in a park; in an enclosed area in a building or facility owned, leased or operated by the City; in an enclosed area of a workspace; within 15 feet from an entrance or openable window of an enclosed area in which smoking is prohibited; and if the owner or operator of a public place commits an offense if the person fails to take necessary steps to prevent or stop another person from smoking in an enclosed area in a public place (2).” The exceptions to this ordinance currently are, “residential dwelling units, 25% or less of guest rooms in Hotels/Motels, Retail Tobacco Stores, private semi-private room in nursing homes, outdoor areas of workplaces (> 15ft from entrance/openable windows), Bingo Facilities, and Fraternal organizations (2).”

The city of Brownsville addresses public smoking in its Ordinance Enforcement code, particularly the Smoking Ordinance 2012-1556. Taken into effect on February 2, 2013, the smoking ordinance 2012-1556 prohibits smoking, “in all enclosed public places within the City of Brownsville, including enclosed places of employment, enclosed residential facilities, and certain outdoor areas outlined … [in] the ordinance,” according to The City of Brownsville webpage (3).

The ordinances of both the cities are similar except in Brownsville’s prohibition of smoking in, “all private and semi-private rooms in nursing homes, [and] at least 80% of hotel and motel rooms that are rented to guests,” whereas, Austin declares those two as an exception (3).

Over all, these two cities show great concern for public health in their initiation of these ordinances, and it would be great to see many other cities, not only those of the U.S, but those of the world at large, follow in their footsteps.


References:

  1. Environmental Protection Agency. (n.d.). Health Effects of Exposure to Secondhand Smoke. Retrieved January 28, 2014, from United States Environmental Protection Agency   website: http://www.epa.gov/smokefree/healtheffects.html
  1. Chapter 10-6. Smoking in Public Places. (n.d.). Retrieved January 29, 2014, from Austin Texas gov. the official website of the City of Austin website: http://www.amlegal.com/nxt/gateway.dll/Texas/austin/title10publichealthservicesandsanitation/chapter10-6smokinginpublicplaces?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0$vid=amlegal:austin_tx
  2. Smoking Ordinance 2012-1556 FAQ’s. (n.d.). Retrieved January 28, 2014, from City Of Brownsville Public Health website: http://health.cob.us/smoking-ordinance-2012-1556
Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.

Texas: Friendly or Deadly? Rise in outbreaks of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases—A call to Vaccinate.

Our Children are at risk.

In 2012, only 67.5 percent of Texas children obtained all seven vaccines recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (1). The remaining one-third of Texas children are exposed to dangerous diseases that are vaccine-preventable. According to The Texas Department of State Health Services (TDSHS), there were 2,652cases of whooping cough alone in 2013, just one of many vaccine-preventable diseases, expected to rise (2). Texas fails in comparison with other states in its children receiving the full set of vaccinations (1). Why? While nearly all states provide exemptions of immunizations for medical and religious reasons, only 20 states, including Texas, provide exemptions for philosophical reasons, and not surprisingly, these are the states that show highest outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases (3). With a large population of children exposed to preventable diseases we must adapt our philosophy to see the importance of vaccination and we must vaccinate.

TDSHS states that philosophical exemptions have increased yearly since allowed in 2003, increasing unvaccinated individuals, therefore increasing the risk of an outbreak when a vaccine-preventable disease enters the population (4). With over thirty percent of Texan children not vaccinated—these children are dangerously exposed, especially with the rise in recent outbreaks (4).

The outbreak of diseases that could have been prevented with vaccination has children across the State exposed. Certainly no parent wants their child suffering, then why is it that over thirty percent of Texan parents decline to vaccinate? Some parents have a misconception that vaccines cause diseases such as autism but that claim is false, as justified in much scientific research and supported by the Institute of Medicine (IOM) and the CDC (5, 6).

Why should we vaccinate? According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, 1) we need vaccinations to protect our children from preventable diseases, which still exist even if we haven’t seen a case recently credited to the effectiveness of the vaccination; 2) although the disease polio is removed from the U.S, it would take only ONE case from another part of the world to bring it back to the U.S if we are not vaccinated; 3) about 95 percent of the population must be vaccinated if we want for vaccines to protect everyone; and 4) we get greater complications and pain from the disease than from the vaccination, so it is much safer to have the vaccination (7).

“An ounce of prevention beats a pound of cure.” Accordingly, organizations are working to increase vaccination in Texas and fix this dangerous public health problem. TDSHS’ Division of Disease Control and Prevention Services began a statewide effort to increase vaccine coverage levels to protect children (4). This effort will hopefully increase the number of vaccinated children and save them from a vaccine-preventable disease. However, the health of our children rests in our hands and our decisions. Effort from external sources will not protect our children, unless we increase our knowledge, adapt our personal philosophy and choose to vaccinate.

Because we care, we want to vaccinate our children and join the effort of a healthy, immunized Texas, but how? There are simple steps that we can take to be a part of the change:

We must go to the right online sources—we should go to sources with the most knowledge and expertise. Some great sources are: the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/autism/; The Texas Department of State Health Services, https://www.dshs.state.tx.us/immunize/ and the Texas Medical Association’s Be Wise—Immunize initiative, http://www.texmed.org/bewise/ .

We must speak to our Physician—by speaking with a professional we can know that: vaccines are important, safe, effective, getting several shots at one time is OK, on-time vaccination is important and that the physicians “cannot use a vaccine unless the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved it as safe and effective (8).” Therefore, any vaccination given to your child by the physician is safe and in the best interest of the child.

We must speak up—a fast way to raise awareness is through word-of-mouth. While many parents are aware of the truth behind vaccinations and their benefits stay silent, there still circulates false information about vaccination leading to thirty percent of our children being exposed to dangerous possibly fatal diseases (8). Start talking! Start Vaccinating! Start saving lives!

We must make the right choice—vaccination is beneficial. Drastic increase in children being exposed to vaccine preventable diseased occurred after 2003, due to exemptions based on medical, religious and philosophical reasons (8,9). Vaccination is a powerful public health tool against diseases (8). Choose wisely, and vaccinate.

Over 2.4 million of Texas children are not vaccinated—exposing them to any one of many vaccine-preventable diseases (10). What are we waiting for? Let’s Increase our knowledge. Adapt our philosophy. Protect our Children. Vaccinate.


References:

1. Most Vaccinated Children: States. (n.d.). Retrieved February 18, 2014, from Bloomberg website: http://www.bloomberg.com/visual-data/best-and-worst/most-vaccinated-children-states

2. Infectious Disease Control: Pertussis. (n.d.). Retrieved February 19, 2-14, from Texas Department of State Health Services website: https://www.dshs.state.tx.us/idcu/disease/pertussis/

3. Swendiman, K. S. (2011, February 24). Mandatory Vaccinations: Precendent and Current Laws. Retrieved from Congressional Research Service website: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/RS21414.pdf

4. Division for Disease Control and Prevention Services, Infectious Disease Prevention Section, Immunization Branch. (2012, September). Reducing Vaccine-Preventable Disease in Texas: Strategies to Increase Vaccine Coverage Levels. Retrieved from Texas Department of State Health Services website: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCcQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.dshs.state.tx.us%2Fimmunize%2Fdocs%2F2012-Reducing-Vaccine-Preventable-Disease-in-Texas-Final.pdf&ei=mwQUU7SQAqHg2gXPsIHQCA&usg=AFQjCNEq0zVUA2PPT_nfyrTXHT2FPjqoyA&sig2=wPgJZxeTJxt523FvuZH0qw&bvm=bv.61965928,d.b2I

5.  Why Parents Don’t Vaccinate Their Children–And What We Can Do. (2014, August 2). Retrieved from Center for Inquiry website: http://www.centerforinquiry.net/blogs/entry/why_parents_dont_vaccinate_their_children–and_what_we_can_do/

6.  Concerns about Autism. (n.d.). Retrieved February 20, 2014, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccinesafety/concerns/autism/

7.  American Academy of Pediatrics. (n.d.). Facts for Parents About Vaccine Safety. Retrieved February 20, 2014, from American Academy of Pediatrics website: http://www2.aap.org/advocacy/releases/autismparentfacts.htm

8.  Be Wise- Immunize, Physician Manual for Children. (2013). Retrieved from Texas Medical Association, Be Wise- Immunize website: http://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CC0QFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.texmed.org%2FWorkArea%2FD ownloadAsset.aspx%3Fid%3D26503&ei=ngcUU6uzJpS42gWnoICwDA&usg=AFQjCNE5XQZaUariiFSHWBMaRBNQ_hVvNA&sig2=GvxFUs2TyYwJA16iqfcv8A&bvm=bv.61965928,d.b2I

9. States with Religious and Philosophical Exemptions from School Immunization Requirements. (2012, December). Retrieved from National Conference of State Legislatures website:http://www.ncsl.org/research/health/school-immunization-exemption-state-laws.aspx

10.  Research and Evaluation Department, Center for Strategic Decision Support, Texas Health and Human Services Commission. (2005, February). Texas Population Projections for Children 18 and Younger: Years 2000- 2040. Retrieved from Texas Health and Human Services Commission website: http://www.hhsc.state.tx.us/research/dssi/popstats/projectionstx_agegrpschild.html

Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.

India’s Health Crisis: UNICEF’s “Poo2Loo” Campaign

What a catchy music video!

According to Time magazine, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) approached a major public health problem that India faces, defecation in public, with a focused campaign (1). This campaign, in the form of videos, public announcements, and online games is designed to target the serious issue of over 620 million people defecating in public (1). This informal yet catchy campaign “Poo2Loo” aims to raise awareness of preventable health issues resulting from microbial contamination of drinking water from improper waste disposal- in the form of public defecation (1). UNICEF’s Poo2Loo campaign, although relaxed, has instigated India to think about the negative effects behind public defecation.

It is unclear if the targeted 620 million individuals in practice of public defecation will have access to televisions, computers, and the internet to be aware of this campaign, let alone understand its implications. But perhaps a combination of UNICEF’s campaign along with Indian government sanctioned public announcements, and designs for waste management systems and implementation would result in an effective solution toward the problem.

While I agree that awareness campaigns designed to encourage individuals to use a proper waste disposal facility is a start, I think the lack of community-wide public waste systems and access to toilets is also something that needs to be addressed.

I hope the campaign instills in the targeted population, India’s community leaders, and the general population that if the prevalent habit of public defecation continues then the exposure to infectious, life-threatening diseases will continue to be upon the population.

It is a responsibility carried not only by the individual but by the Indian government, so here’s to hoping this campaign prompts for a change toward the good. Take the Poo to the Loo!

For more information about UNICEF’s “Poo2Loo” campaign, please click:  UNICEF’s Poo2Loo Campaign


Sources:
1. http://time.com/69122/video-unicefs-army-of-singing-dancing-poop/

Copyright © Sherley J. Edinbarough (Surely, Sherley and/or SurelySherley), 2014.